The name of the tractor comes from the Latin word trahere = pull. This is the reason why in Greek, its name means “agricultural hauling vehicle”.
It is used for hauling agricultural machines such as ploughs, rotavators, cultivators etc.
A steam engine used for ploughing in 1860 in America is the tractor predecessor. It would plough for 23 minutes, stop for 6 minutes to refill with wood, with which it could plough for another 13 minutes and it would stop again for 8 minutes to refill with water.
A minimum of 5 people were required for its operation. One driver, one stoker, one engineer and 2 persons at the ploughs.
Today all cultivating operations are carried out by one person.
In 1892 in Iowa USA, the first gasoline powered tractor was built. The internal combustion engine was adopted early, first in America and then in England, replacing steam power.
Tractors, as machinery pieces, were established in the global market shortly before the Second World War. The modifications on looks and horsepower may have appeared at a later time, but major changes took place in the last fifty years.
Tractors are currently divided into two main categories.
Wheeled and tracked [enabling movement on rough terrains].
In Greece, the first tractor made its appearance in 1924.